Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5

Pantothenic Acid contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism, mental performance, reduction of tiredness and fatigue, synthesis and metabolism of steroid hormones, vitamin D and some neurotransmitters.

Good food sources include avocado, mushrooms, eggs, brown rice, wholemeal bread, chicken, beef, liver and kidney.

Deficiency can lead to poor muscle co-ordination, cramps, numbness, burning feet, depression, fatigue, weakness, headache and loss of appetite.

Daily recommended intake is not set by the UK but the EU suggests 6mg daily.


  • Pantothenic acid is not stored so needs to be consumed daily
  • Oral contraceptive use may increase intake requirement
  • Excess alcohol may increase intake requirement